Islam and Diversity in the Land of Donggo Bima
Donggo is a sub-district in Bima Regency, West Nusa Tenggara. Donggo is one of the large tribes in the Dana Mbojo (Tanah Bima). The Donggo tribe is located around the slope of the mountain between Bima Regency and Dompu Regency, judging from its geographical location on the slope of the mountain making the charm of villages in the District of Donggo increasingly visible.
Especially when we are at the top of Mount Donggo known as (Donggo Mbuha). Lots of young people both of Donggo and else where come to enjoy the beauty of entire expanse of the City of Bima as well as most of the Dompu district with amazing natural charm from the top of Donggo
Based on history, the Donggo tribe is a native of the Bima people who occupied the slopes of the West and East Mountains before the arrival of outsiders who setled in Bima. That is what is called the Dou Donggo Ele (East Donggo Society) which is now a Lambitu village in the eastern part of the Bima district, some of which are also located in the City of Bima. And Dou Donggo Di (western Donggo) which is now a Donggo community or in the Donggo sub-district itself.
Islam came to Bima in the 17th century AD through traders who came from Sulawesi through the port of Sape, according to some opinions, Islam entered Bima through scholars who came from Demak, Central Java and Gowa, Makassar. The spread of Islam in Bima began in the coastal regions closer to the sea lane. Because Donggo settled on the slope of the mountain, Islam came later than the coast.
Before Islam came in Donggo, there were several religions that were already widespread in Donggo, for example Hinduism which was marked by the presence of Wadu Pa’a (carved stone) in the form of Buddhist statues which are now tourist attractions in Sowa Village, Soromandi District. Then the presence of Christianity brought by the people of Flores, East Nusa Tenggara, as it was marked by the presence of a church at the entrance of Mbawa Village.
Then the Catholic religion marked by a very large church located in the western part of Mbawa Village. Besides that, there were still many people of Donggo who followed Marafu’s belief (animism). They believe in the spirits of the ancestors, large trees, stones, sea water and other natural objects.
Historically, the entry of Islam in Donggo District was spread by Lebe (ulama) who were sent by the Sultanate of Bima. Starting from the villages closest to the coast to the villages on the slopes of the mountain. There was an order from the first sultan of Bima (Sultan Abdul Kahir) who obliged all its inhabitants to be Muslim and spread Islam to all corners of Bima including in Donggo, so that several scholars arrived from the empire to the land of Donggo. Historically, the first Donggo person to convert to Islam was a Ncuhi (tribal chief) who led the Donggo area making it easier for the ulama to invite other residents.
The spread of Islam in Donggo not only through da’wah or invitation, but also through marriage with native sons and daughters of Donggo. In addition, the Donggo community is also quite easy to accept the teachings of Islam in terms of how to convert to Islam, which is quite easy compared to Christianity which, although it has long been famous in Donggo, but it is difficult to convert to it because it takes several months to study the religion first.
The Donggo people also liked the way the ulamas spread the religion of Islam so that they are able to accept Islam peacefully and in accordance with their culture. However, there are a number of villages, namely Mbawa and surrounding areas that have not interacted with Islam so that there are still some residents who still adhere to Christianity. They still believe in the religion brought by their ancestors and find it difficult to accept new religions.
Learningfrom the history and culture of the Donggo land, Mbawa Village is an interesting village to discuss as it has many unique cultures that can tell Donggo as a whole. Mbawa Village is a fairly large village in Donggo Subdistrict, this village is located right on the slopes of Mount Mbuha “Doro Mbuha“.
The Mbawa Village community adheres to three different religions with a very high level of tolerance.
In their tradition, if there are people who are Christians or Catholics are conducting a celebration or ceremony, Muslim will help to prepare food and so on, and vice versa. In Mbawa village, there was one time where a house inhabited by three different religions. You can think about the level of tolerance that occurs at that home.
Mbawa Village and its inhabitants show the diversity of religions / cultures as well as a high level of tolerance from the Donggo community who represent the Bima Regency in general. And hopefully we as young people can be a good example for people in general and be able to preserve the beauty, culture and diversity that exists.
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